Backup Backup Backup!

Ok folks, moving on from our last topic on Cyber Security, one thing that seems to crop up quite often here at TER is someone in a panic because the hard drive in their PC or Mac has died or the machine won’t boot up. I should add this is typically on personal machines as most office environments will use a server to store data.

Hard disks are (usually) mechanical devices, although see my piece on SSDs here, and will eventually fail. This is due to a number of factors, not limited to mechanical wear, accidental damage from shock or bumps, and difficult environments such as hot and dusty places.

smashy hard drive

When this happens, there is a significant chance the data on the hard drive cannot be read by conventional means. Yes, we can try all kinds of tricks to get to the data, such as freezing the hard drive (yep, this actually works), to see if we can get anything off it, but typically the drive has had it.

At this point your only hope is to use a data recovery agency, such as Kroll OnTrack, however this can be expensive (£400 at a minimum) and no guarantee that the data can either be recovered or be useful. So what to do?

Well, the best thing is to avoid the heartache of having to worry when this sort of thing happens. Backup your machine and you can have access to your data almost instantly and the loss of the machine becomes an inconvenience rather than a catastrophe. Both Windows and Apple offer built in solutions (depending on version) that can utilise an external hard drive as a backup repository that can be used to recover your machine in the event of a hard drive failure. Both systems have their advantages and disadvantages in terms of user involvement, reliability and ease of use but will provide  a layer of protection.

There are also a number of online backup providers – we use JungleDisk here a lot at The Engine Room – it’s cheap, easy and pretty reliable. The best thing about it is that it’s fairly hands off and you can largely not worry about it. The only catch is that being an online service accessing your data can be a slow process and it’s a monthly cost.

Dropbox, SkyDrive can also provide a limited form of backup but can be a more expensive solution and is still reliant on you to make sure your data is in the right folder being sync’d. The other consideration is that Dropbox will sync corruption as well so is not a failsafe method.

In the context of a server, we recommend using a combination of both. The local hard disk backup is for speed and local failure, with the online backup used for business continuity. You can’t have too much protection from failure.

And lastly, test your backup. I remember in the olden days when backing up to tape was the norm. We had a server that would backup every night and we’d get a success report the following morning. Then one day someone deleted their mailbox and we needed to get the tapes out to recover the data. Except the tapes were blank. It turned out the write head on the tape drive had fallen off and no one knew about it until we needed to restore the data! So check it periodically by running trial restores, be it from a local source or an online backup. You don’t want to find there’s a problem when you’re trying to recover your data.

We’ll talk about Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity another time so we’ll leave it at this for now. If you want to find out more about how we can help you with your backup and other processes around protecting your data get in touch.

Your personal cyber security

Security​There is always something in the news regarding IT security – whether it’s the horrendously scary GO Zeus or remembering to cover your PIN code at the tills, all around us we are being warned about the impact of letting our guard down. But be honest, how many of us still think – It won’t happen to me?

That includes me. Without ever wanting to admit it, my ignorance relating to IT Security plays a part of my total lack of addressing my weaknesses.
 
But these are real threats and there are huge organised groups out there, incredibly smart and devious, that are ready to take advantage of vulnerable and unsuspecting folk. There are probably a million things that you can do to protect yourself, I sure as hell don’t know all of them – but below are some easy top tips to remember to keep you a little bit safer.
 
1. First rule – Don’t ever think ‘it won’t happen to me’. It can. Be vigilant and don’t ignore ‘strange’ things even if they seem small and insignificant at the time. If something looks suspicious, don’t ignore it.
 
2. An old favourite, but be careful when opening attachments or links in emails. If you don’t know the sender, or it looks suspicious – Don’t Click! A little known fact (and not something I am proud of) but I once opened a file from ‘DHL’ – a supplier at the time. I was lucky. My computer was contaminated with a programme that kept taking me to Wowcher or would download 100s of adverts every time I tried to do anything. Like I said, I was lucky it wasn’t something more malicious – but my computer still had to be sent away to get rebuilt and resulted in about 2 days downtime in total. And a lot of embarrassment. But imagine if that spread to the whole business…
 
3. Practice good password management. And that means, changing it regularly, using a good mix of characters, not using the same one on multiple sites. And don’t write them down. Thinking ‘what a nightmare’ to think of strong passwords and then remember them all? Here is a useful site to help you create memorable passwords.
 
 
4. It might sound obvious, but don’t leave your devices unattended. Your computer, tablet, phone etc – if you do have to leave them for any length of time, remember to either lock the keyboard, or lock them away. And this goes for USB sticks and flash drives – if there is something on it that’s valuable to you, then it is valuable. It takes just one opportunist to give you a complete nightmare day.
 
5. Backup Backup Backup!! My brother owns a Business Tech company, and tells me this is one of the most important things to remember. If it all goes a bit wrong and you find yourself with an empty hard drive – your files will be backed-up somewhere. But remember to do it. Mental note to self – remember to back up….
 
6. Be savvy about your browsing, and only use a device that belongs to you, and on a network you trust. Non secure networks will mean your data is vulnerable, and you will need to consider what it is you are doing. Make sure your firewalls are up to date, and if you do sign into your local Costa wifi, select it as a ‘Public’ network.
 
7. You can’t get away from Facebook, Twitter etc etc (I am not ‘with it’ enough to know all the different networks out there, but I am advised that there are many) but don’t forget that these are actually incredibly public, especially if you have not selected the right privacy settings. Therefore, be careful who you ‘link in’ with. If you don’t actually know the person / business you are connecting with, then be aware that they will now have access to a lot of personal information. Not to freak you out, but this will include where you went to school, when you are going on holiday, names of your kids …
 
8. And so to end on another old favourite – don’t ever give personal information to someone over the phone or internet unless you are 100% confident they are who they say they are. And in any case, if they are legit, you will never have to give this information out.
 
Hopefully, I haven’t completed messed you up, and this is just a reminder of what we already know. If you want to know more about how Cyber Security affects you, please contact us HERE with your query.
 
Stay safe people.
 
TER

Virtualisation – What does it all mean and do I need it?

You may have heard about Virtualisation, perhaps on the Web, maybe from an technology supplier. maybe even me! It’s sounds exciting but what exactly is it and is it something you need or even want? It’s a slightly complex thing to understand but I’ll try and explain it in simple terms.

Typically, you get a computer, with a processor, a hard drive and some memory. The operating system is installed on the hard disk, you load up your software in to the operating system and off you go (whether a laptop, desktop or server).

In the “olden days”, servers were usually tasked with one main task, such as Email, File storage or Database. As processing power became cheaper over time it became worthwhile to look at consolidating some of these services (which led to the release of Microsoft Small Business Server). As server technology became even more powerful the next stage was to look at physical server consolidation hence the birth of Virtualisation.

Virtualisation creates a layer where the client operating system (be it Windows Desktop or Server) is run on a Virtual Machine sitting on some kind of host server. So this leads to the next questions, what is a Virtual Machine? And what is a host server.

We’ll start with the host server as this is the foundation that everything sits on.

A host machine will typically this will be a relatively powerful machine, with large amounts of processing power, lots of disk space and ram. On this we install a base Operating system. The big names in Virtualisation are VMWare and Microsoft. Both offer a free (essentially unsupported) or paid for versions of the software (Microsoft offer it as a component within Windows Server 2008 and 2012) and as a stand-alone product (Hyper-V). We won’t look at licensing here as it’s outside the scope of this article.

Once we have the base Operating system installed and configured, we have something called a Hypervisor, which is the system that allocates and manages resources on the base server for the virtual machines.

Virtualization concept

So what is a virtual machine?

Essentially a Virtual Machine is a collection of settings, such as number of processors, size of disks, how much ram etc. The beauty of this is that physical hardware is now abstracted from the operating system, meaning that a standard (and consistent) set of components are supplied to the virtual machine which makes it hardware independent.

VMWare LogoApple Mac users have been using some of this technology for some time with software such as Parallels and VMWare which allowed them to run a Virtual Windows desktop on their Mac so they can run Windows Applications within their Mac. Microsoft brought it in to the mainstream with Windows 7 Professional and the XP mode which was provided to give some compatibility respite for older applications.

Here at The Engine Room we now use visualisation on almost all of our server implementations. With Windows Server 2012 Microsoft made it possible to run one physical and two virtual machines with one license, thus reducing the cost of having a virtualised environment. This means that with a single license you can have two servers running separate applications, such as one with Microsoft Exchange and run with File and Print services, all for the cost of one Server license! We also like using it because (most of the time) the server Operating system is quite reliable and it’s the hardware that can cause headaches. By removing the hardware from the equation reliability improves as will the process of managing upgrades (such as increasing capacity and performance).

Hyper-V-logo

So should you be using it? Server side it makes sense as it faciliates the use of additional servers without always needing new hardware (disk space and memory excepted) and an easy migration path to newer or different server hardware. Desk side it can make sense although really if you need to be using different platform applications I would seriously consider whether you are on the right platform or set up a dedicated machine in that function so you are not trading off performance or capacity for compatibility (see Roman’s article about that here).

Is training the best Investment you can make

Training

Here at the Engine Room, we often get support requests along the line of “How do I….?”. Often this is for fairly simple things such as adding an email signature or setting up an Out of Office. However sometimes it’s something a bit more involved such as how to do pivot tables in Excel or setup permissions on SharePoint.

So this got me thinking. How much more productive could your team be if they were educated so that they could unleash both the potential in the software and in themselves.

Now, we all know most solutions to most problems can be solved with a quick Google – indeed we know that most technical problems have been seen before and so it’s simply a case of asking the right question and identifying the right answer. Likewise, there are lots of “How to’s” on the internet for almost every productivity application or platform.

But sometimes, it’s neither productive or beneficial in having staff doing self help, compared to getting in some outside help.

For instance, if you are performing a company-wide transition to Office 2013 (via Office 365 as an example) your staff may find themselves with both a different version of Windows and Office; if they’ve been using Windows XP and Office 2007 or earlier, then the leap to Windows 7 or 8 and Office 2013 can be quite substantial.

In these cases it’s very worthwhile getting in some help to guide your team through the changes so that as soon as the transition is completed they can be up and running as quickly as possible. The small investment in time and money will reap huge dividends later as they will already have some familiarity with the new system.

Likewise, if you are introducing something new like SharePoint or MS Project into your organisation it’s definitely worth getting some outside help – this should be done in tandem with your development team as both of these systems will have a uniqueness based on how your business operates. Quite often we come across businesses that have implemented a new system that no-one knows how to use and ultimately take up fails because they have no reason to stop using the old system. Getting your staff to buy in to these changes start much earlier with the scoping of a project but training will help seal the deal.

We work with a number of training partners, notably Alpha Training whom we’ve worked with for many years.

Alpha

They provide bespoke training in your offices designed to fit around your needs and can even help with educating beyond usability and into administration (useful if you are running SharePoint).

Please get in touch if you want to find out more about how training can help your business or if there is anything else we can help you with.

SSDs – what are they and do I want one

So whilst browsing (or dreaming maybe!) for your next laptop, be it a Mac or a Windows machine, you might have noticed that (certainly at the upper end) many of them are coming with something called an SSD, usually in 128GB or 256GB capacities.

What are these mysterious SSDs, why are their sizes in funny numbers rather than the 500GB, 750GB or 1TB sizes of everything else, and most of all, why are they so expensive?

An SSD is a Solid State Drive – these are used in place of HDD (Hard Disk Drive). An HDD is a mechanical device with a spindle where one or more magnetic disk surfaces spin around with a small “head” to read and write data. An SSD has a bunch of memory chips in place of this disk and consequently no mechanical parts (much like your iPhone or newer iPod).

HDDs are great because they are cheap and can provide a lot of storage.

SSDs however are expensive and seem quite small in comparison.

What gives?

Because they are not mechanical they have two big advantages. One is speed. Even a low-end SSD will be significantly faster than an HHD as the act of reading and writing to memory is vastly faster than reading and writing to a disk. Second is reliability and robustness. As there are no moving parts, an SSD will not wear out (in the traditional sense at least) and will tolerate more bumps etc than a mechanical drive. Indeed most laptop failures are due to the hard drive failing.

And as you can imagine, this comes at a price. Compared to mechanical disks, memory chips are expensive – you can see this when you compare the prices of iPhones/iPods with differing memory sizes). This is why you only tend to see SSDs fitted to higher end Ultrabooks and Apple MacBook computers.

So are they worth it? In a nutshell, yes.

Intel SSD

The performance gain is amazing. OK, you lose some space, but then do you really need to store your entire iTunes library on your computer?

We did an experiment a while ago and replaced the hard drive in a old Windows 7 desktop. Prior to the upgrade, from the Windows splash screen appearing to the computer being logged in was about 90 seconds. With the SSD in place this fell to an almost unbelievable 4 seconds. And once booted the machine was snappier and more responsive to boot.

The only big catch is that unless you are a tinkerer, it’s not worth doing the upgrade yourself as it can be quite involved. However, if you are in the market for a new computer, it’s worth exploring especially if it’s a laptop. If you have someone like use helping you with your technology, then upgrading at the time of purchase is a far easier process and worthy of considering.

Want to know more about how SSDs can help in your business? Get in touch and we can see if we can help you.